Over the past few years, new archeological sites have been found in Africa, which largely change the earlier idea of the history of mankind. Africa, the cradle of humanity and the land of great ancient civilizations, is rich in archaeological finds that enable us to better understand not only the prehistoric past of mankind but also the fate of ancient empires.
The oldest representative of homo sapiens was discovered in Morocco.
The remains found this year near the Jebal-Irhud cave belongs to the oldest representatives of homo sapiens who lived about three hundred thousand years ago. Jebal-Irhud Cave did not become the first place where researchers found remnants and objects from the Middle Palaeolithic period. But it was not always possible to determine the exact age of the finding before.
The remains that testify to the oldest intelligent man were found by an international team of archaeologists led by scientists from Germany and Morocco. From the modern representatives of homo sapiens, these remains differ from the length of the back of the skull and large teeth, which they share with the neanderthal. Until recently, the oldest remnants of homo sapiens were considered to be those found in the territory of today’s Ethiopia and whose age was estimated at 200,000 years. The conclusions of this study, however, do not agree with all anthropologists.
In South Africa this year, an earlier unknown species was discovered.
In 2017, in the inaccessible caves near Johannesburg, the remains of 15 hominids were exhumed and named in honor of the cave in which they were discovered – homo nal. They had a brain of orange size and very tiny bodies, the average height did not exceed 150 centimeters, and the weight was about 45 kilograms. In all likelihood, they could have developed the simplest tools. Their age has not yet been accurately determined, but it is assumed to be about 2.5 million years old. Further study for scientists will allow us to clarify the origin of our species and help us learn more about how the primitive australopitekus tried to transform itself into our direct ancestor.